Research as a foundation for the re-introduction of wild horses
The volume of research taking place in the Great Gobi B Strictly Protected Area in Mongolia is considerable. Multiple investigations of behaviour, requirements, and habitat of wild horses (Takhi or Przewalski horses) and asses (Khulan) and other wildlife, in particular the wild Bactrian camels, are being undertaken at a research station (originally established in 1992) in Takhin Valley at the border of the Great Gobi B Strictly Protected Area.
The Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology is co-ordinating the research on wild equids, under the leadership of Prof. Dr. Chris Walzer and Dr. Petra Kaczensky and in co-operation with the International Takhi Group, der National Park Administration, and the r National University of Mongolia in Ulaan Bataar (NUM ). Their aim is to provide the scientific foundation for a successful long-term re-introduction of Mongolian wild horses. In 2005 the Austrian Ministry of Agriculture & Environment and the International Takhi Group funded the construction of a new National Park Building.
Over the past 10 years many young national and international researchers completed scientific research at the Great Gobi B Strictly Protected Area. Local wildlife rangers ensure the continuous monitoring of the wild horse population and enforce Park regulations.
The long-term goal is to transfer enough knowledge and technology to Mongolian scientists to enable them to continue managing the project independently. One of the young Mongolian researchers, Oyunsaikhan Ganbaatar, is now Director of the wild horse station and of the National Park Great Gobi B.
Read more about the Save the wild horse project
Info about Takhi monitoring by GPS
Additional photos: ARKive Bilder
Reseach on wild Bactrian camels
Apart from research and management of wild equids our scientists also contribute to monitoring the populations of wild Bactrian camels that live in the Great Gobi A Strictly Protected Area in Mongolia and in the deserts of Lop Nuur and Taklamakan in China. Relatively little is known about the habitat use of these animals. For their continued existence it is important to know where the animals roam so that their habitat can be properly protected. To find out more about their whereabouts, scientists repeatedly collar individual camels with GPS-satellite devices that provide valuable locational data. In addition, genetic analyses help determine the degree of hybridization within wild camel populations and the genetic relationship to domestic Bactrian camels.
Read more about collaring wild camels in the Gobi