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AO.Univ.-Prof. Franz Schwarzenberger


Schwarzenberger, F., & Brown, J. L. (2013). Hormone monitoring: An important tool for the breeding management of wildlife species. Wien Tierärztl Monat–Vet Med Austria, 100, 209-225.

Schwarzenberger, F. (2007). The many uses of non-invasive faecal steroid monitoring in zoo and wildlife species. International Zoo Yearbook, 41, 52-74.

Graham, L., Schwarzenberger, F., Möstl, E., Galama, W., Savage, A. (2001). A versatile enzyme immunoassay for the determination of progestogens in feces and serum. Zoo Biology, 20, 227-236.

Schwarzenberger, F., Palme, R., Bamberg, E., Möstl, E. (1997). A review of faecal progesterone metabolite analysis for non-invasive monitoring of reproductive function in mammals. Zeitschrift für Saugetierkunde, 62 (SUPPL. 2), 214-221.

Schwarzenberger, F., Möstl, E., Palme, R., Bamberg, E. (1996). Faecal steroid analysis for non-invasive monitoring of reproductive status in farm, wild and zoo animals. Animal Reproduction Science, 42, 515-526.

Fecal steroid monitoring - Rhinoceroses Hermes, R., Schwarzenberger, F., Göritz, F., Oh, S., Fernandes, T., Bernardino, R., Leclerc, A., Greunz, E., Mathew, A., Forsyth, S., Saragusty, J., Hildebrandt, T.B. (2016).

Ovarian down regulation by GnRF vaccination decreases reproductive tract tumour size in female white and greater one-horned rhinoceroses. PLoS ONE 11, no. e0157963. Hermes, R., Hildebrandt, T.B., Walzer, C., Göritz, F., Gray, C., Niemuller, C., Schwarzenberger, F. (2012).

Estrus induction in white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum). Theriogenology, 78, 1217-1223. Hildebrandt, T.B., Hermes, R., Walzer, C., Sós, E., Molnar, V., Mezösi, L., Schnorrenberg, A., Silinski, S., Streich, J., Schwarzenberger, F., Göritz, F. (2007).

Artificial insemination in the anoestrous and the postpartum white rhinoceros using GnRH analogue to induce ovulation. Theriogenology, 67, 1473-1484. Hermes, R., Hildebrandt, T.B., Walzer, C., Göritz, F., Patton, M.L., Silinski, S., Anderson, M.J., Reid, C.E., Wibbelt, G., Tomasova, K., Schwarzenberger, F. (2006).

The effect of long non-reproductive periods on the genital health in captive female white rhinoceroses (Ceratotherium simum simum, C.s. cottoni). Theriogenology 65, 1492-1515. Hermes, R., Hildebrandt, T.B., Blottner, S., Walzer, C., Silinski, S., Patton, M.L., Wibbelt, G., Schwarzenberger, F., Göritz, F. (2005).

Reproductive soundness of captive southernand northern white rhinoceroses (Ceratotherium simum simum, C.s. cottoni): Evaluation of male genital tract morphology and semen quality before and after cryopreservation. Theriogenology 63, 219-238. Schwarzenberger, F., Rietschel, W., Vahala, J., Holeckova, D., Thomas, P., Maltzan, J., Baumgartner, K., Schaftenaar, W. (2000).

Fecal progesterone, estrogen, and androgen metabolites for noninvasive monitoring of reproductive function in the female Indian rhinoceros, Rhinoceros unicornis. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 119, 300- 307. Schwarzenberger, F., Walzer, C., Tomasova, K., Vahala, J., Meister, J., Goodrowe, K.L., Zima, J., Strauß, G., Lynch, M. (1998).

Faecal progesterone metabolite analysis for noninvasive monitoring of reproductive function in the white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum). Animal Reproduction Science 53, 173-190. Schwarzenberger, F., Tomášová, K., Holečková, D., Matern, B., Möstl, E. (1996).

Measurement of fecal steroids in the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) using groupspecific enzyme immunoassays for 20-oxo-pregnanes. Zoo Biology 15, 159-171. Schwarzenberger, F., Francke, R., Goltenboth, R. (1993).

Concentrations of faecal immunoreactive progestagen metabolites during the oestrous cycle and pregnancy in the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis michaeli). Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 98, 285-291. Fecal steroid monitoring – various species Flacke, G.L., Schwarzenberger, F., Penfold, L.M., Walker, S.L., Martin, G.B., Millar, R.P., Paris, M.C.J. (2017).

Characterizing the reproductive biology of the female pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis) through non-invasive endocrine monitoring. Theriogenology, 102, 126-138. Nagl, A., Kneidinger, N., Kiik, K., Lindeberg, H., Maran, T., Schwarzenberger, F. (2015)

Noninvasive monitoring of female reproductive hormone metabolites in the endangered European mink (Mustela lutreola). Theriogenology, 84, 1472-1481. Voigt, C.C., Schwarzenberger, F. (2008).

Reproductive endocrinology of a small tropical bat (female Saccopteryx bilineata; emballonuridae) monitored by fecal hormone metabolites. Journal of Mammalogy 89, 50-57. Hesterman, H., Jones, S.M., Schwarzenberger, F. (2008).

Reproductive endocrinology of the largest dasyurids: Characterization of ovarian cycles by plasma and fecal steroid monitoring. Part I. The Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii). General and Comparative Endocrinology 155, 234-244. Vervaecke, H., Schwarzenberger, F. (2006).

Endocrine and behavioral observations during transition of non-breeding into breeding season in female American bison (Bison bison). Theriogenology 66, 1107-1114. Schwarzenberger, F., Fredriksson, G., Schaller, K., Kolter, L. (2004).

Fecal steroid analysis for monitoring reproduction in the sun bear (Helarctos malayanus). Theriogenology 62,1677-1692. Paris, M.C.J., White, A., Reiss, A., West, M., Schwarzenberger, F. (2002).

Faecal progesterone metabolites and behavioural observations for the non-invasive assessment of oestrous cycles in the common wombat (Vombatus ursinus) and the southern hairy-nosed wombat (Lasiorhinus latifrons). Animal Reproduction Science 72, 245-257. Rabiee, A.R., Macmillan, K.L., Schwarzenberger, F. (2001).

The effect of level of feed intake on progesterone clearance rate by measuring faecal progesterone metabolites in grazing dairy cows. Animal Reproduction Science 67, 205-214. Schwarzenberger, F., Rietschel, W., Matern, B., Schaftenaar, W., Bircher, P., Van Puijenbroeck, B., Leus, K. (1999).

Noninvasive reproductive monitoring in the okapi (Okapia johnstoni). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 30, 497-503. Schwarzenberger, F., Patzl, M., Francke, R., Ochs, A., Buiter, R., Schaftenaar, W., De Meurichy, W. (1993).

Fecal progestagen evaluations to monitor the estrous cycle and pregnancy in the okapi (Okapia johnstoni). Zoo Biology 12, 549-559. Schwarzenberger, F., Möstl, E., Bamberg, E., Pammer, J., Schmehlik, O. (1991).

Concentrations of progestagens and oestrogens in the faeces of pregnant Lipizzan, trotter and thoroughbred mares. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility. Supplement, 44, 489-499.

Various topics:

Cornils, J.S., Hoelzl, F., Huber, N., Zink, R., Gerritsmann, H., Bieber, C., Schwarzenberger, F., Ruf, T. (2018). The insensitive dormouse: Reproduction skipping is not caused by chronic stress in Glis glis. Journal of Experimental Biology 221, jeb183558.

Aydinonat, D., Penn, D.J., Smith, S., Moodley, Y., Hoelzl, F., Knauer, F., Schwarzenberger, F. (2014) Social isolation shortens telomeres in African Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus erithacus) (2014) PLoS ONE, 9 (4), art. no. e93839.

Schinnerl, M., Aydinonat, D., Schwarzenberger, F., Voigt, C.C. (2011). Hematological survey of common neotropical bat species from Costa Rica. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 42, 382-391.

Reimers, M., Schwarzenberger, F., Preuschoft, S. (2007). Rehabilitation of research chimpanzees: Stress and coping after long-term isolation. Hormones and Behavior, 51, 428-435.

Künzle, H., Nautrup, C.P., Schwarzenberger, F. (2007). High inter-individual variation in the gestation length of the hedgehog tenrec, Echinops telfairi (Afrotheria). Animal Reproduction Science 97, 364-374.

Hoby, S., Schwarzenberger, F., Doherr, M.G., Robert, N., Walzer, C. (2006). Steroid hormone related male biased parasitism in chamois, Rupicapra rupicapra rupicapra. Veterinary Parasitology 138, 337-348.

Burger, P.A., Steinborn, R., Walzer, C., Petit, T., Mueller, M., Schwarzenberger, F. (2004). Analysis of the mitochondrial genome of cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) with neurodegenerative disease. Gene 338, 111-119.